Tropical Cyclone Surface Pressure Field Estimation Using Satellite Passive Microwave Observations over the Oceans
Zijin Zhang Xiaolong Dong K.K. Hon Liling Liu
First published: 23 October 2019 https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015136
The real time and accurate estimation of tropical cyclone (TC) surface pressure fields is highly desired in TC forecasting and analysis. Using satellite passive microwave observations over the oceans, the retrieval of TC surface pressure fields was investigated in this study, and a new retrieval algorithm was developed. This algorithm uses brightness temperatures (TBs) and TB anomalies together to accurately estimate TC surface pressure fields. Considering the relative superiority of 118‐GHz radiometers in spatial resolution, this study not only used the measurements of 60‐GHz radiometer Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) but also the 118‐GHz radiometer Microwave Humidity and Temperature Sounder (MWHTS). The TC measurements from July 2015 to September 2018 and the corresponding Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) Final (FNL) analysis data were used to develop and test the retrieval algorithm. The testing results show that the proposed method can estimate the surface pressure fields of a TC's core area (within a 2° radius from the center) with an accuracy of better than 4.0, 5.0, and 8.0 hPa for tropical depressions and tropical storms, typhoons or hurricanes, and severe typhoons or major hurricanes, respectively. In addition, an in situ comparison demonstrates that the accuracy of the retrieved central pressure is better than 6.0, 8.0, and 10.0 hPa for tropical depressions and tropical storms, typhoons or hurricanes, and severe typhoons or major hurricanes, respectively.